The thyroid gland is located at the base of your neck and secretes the hormones that are responsible for growth and metabolism. The adrenal glands are located on top of your kidneys and have two parts; the adrenal cortex and the adrenal medulla. When learning about adrenal health, you are asking about the adrenal cortex that produces cortisol which helps regulate metabolism and encourages your body to react to stress as well as aldosterone that helps control blood pressure; the adrenal medulla produces the adrenaline required.

Hormones like cortisol, aldosterone, and adrenaline are chemical messengers used by the body to coordinate bodily functions, including metabolism, growth, fertility and energy. When these glands are not functioning properly, you can experience a multitude of symptoms, including lethargy, fatigue, inflammation, confusion and digestive issues.

Learning which vitamins and minerals improve thyroid function and aid adrenal health is especially difficult for those who are new to the world of supplements. First, you want to choose a product that is pure, effective and potent. Top quality supplements will list every ingredient contained in each formula. Furthermore, the best formulas contain ingredients that work synergistically together to produce the best results. The following vitamins, minerals and food items will help improve the health of your thyroid and adrenal glands. If you are experiencing excessive sweating, muscle twitches, chronic infections, salt and sugar cravings, lack of libido, cystic breasts, or poor concentration, you should look into possible adrenal health issues.

Vitamin B2 – Riboflavin

Vitamin B2, found in almonds, eggs and green leaf vegetables, helps support adrenal functions and is used for several key metabolic processes. Vitamin B2, or riboflavin, is necessary for cellular growth and energy production. A deficiency in vitamin B2 can cause cataracts, poor thyroid functions, fatigue and vitamin B6 deficiency.

What to Look Out for – Excess riboflavin, also known as riboflavin toxicity, is rare because the vitamin is not stored in the body. Signs include sun-induced eye damage, feeling itchy or numbness, and orange-colored urine.

Vitamin B6

This all-important vitamin acts as an enzyme and helps with protein metabolism. Vitamin B6 aids in the development of neurotransmitters in the body. These neurotransmitters help the brain communicate with other systems throughout the body. This is especially important for those who suffer with adrenal fatigue and hypothyroidism.

There are a variety of foods that contain B6, including avocados, seeds, bananas, brown rice and nuts. By including vitamin B6 rich foods into your diet, along with a vitamin B6 supplement, you can improve thyroid and adrenal functions and balance the hormones in the body.

What to Look Out for – Excess B6 can cause sensitivity to the sun, skin lesions, nausea, heartburn, and may lead to nerve damage. Look at the interaction guide for any pharmaceuticals you may be taking as B6 can sometimes interfere with certain medications.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D, also known as the sunshine vitamin, helps the body absorb a variety of minerals, including magnesium and calcium. A supplement containing vitamin D and eating vitamin D rich foods, such as egg yolks, fish, liver and dairy products, can help ensure that you are receiving ample amounts of vitamin D. When a deficiency of vitamin D occurs, you can experience osteoporosis, muscle pain and diminished thyroid functions.

What to Look Out for – Although hyper vitaminosis D is rare because almost all of us lack vitamin D, toxicity can be caused by too many supplements. This can lead to a buildup of calcium in your blood causing a decreased appetite, nausea, vomiting, weakness, frequent urination and kidney issues, especially if you have liver or kidney conditions.


Copper is a mineral that helps the body metabolize fatty acids, stimulates iron absorption and assists in energy production. When a copper deficiency occurs, thyroid functions can be diminished. This mineral is found in a variety of foods, including beans, shellfish, oats, avocados, dark chocolate and mushrooms. Having a copper deficiency may also indicate an iron or B12 deficiency. Copper is essential in enzyme systems that help cellular activity for signal transduction and cell regulation.

What to Look Out for – When copper is added to the body, potassium levels decrease and calcium increases. There is a genetic form toxicity called Wilson’s Disease, but too much copper when you are not a carrier of Wilsons is as significant as too little copper. High doses of copper can lead to mental side effects like depression and mood swings, cold hands or feet, panic attacks, eating disorders, and an adverse reaction to other vitamins and minerals. Excess copper has been brought on by the use of copper IUD’s in women, as well. If a woman has too much copper, this can be increased by the birth pill. Pregnant women may transfer too much to the fetus as prenatal vitamins contain copper. Too much copper can lead to birth defects and postpartum depression in the mother.

The proper use of supplements can help govern thyroid and adrenal health and lead to a much healthier life. With the help of this guide and the help of health professionals, you can achieve a greater quality of life.

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